作物杂志,2018, 第5期: 91–96 doi: 10.16035/j.issn.1001-7283.2018.05.014

• 生理生化·植物营养·栽培耕作 • 上一篇    下一篇

不同种植行距与种植密度对黍子生长特性及子实产量的影响

张翔宇,李海,梁海燕,张知,宋晓强,郑敏娜   

  1. 山西省农业科学院高寒区作物研究所,037008,山西大同
  • 收稿日期:2018-05-31 修回日期:2018-08-13 出版日期:2018-10-15 发布日期:2018-10-12
  • 作者简介:张翔宇,副研究员,主要从事糜黍育种及栽培技术研究
  • 基金资助:
    国家谷子高粱产业技术体系(CARS-06-13.5-B6);糜子茎秆抗倒伏的力学分析及调控技术研究(YGG1647);优质糜黍种质资源引进、创新及选育(17yzgc073);国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目(2014BAD07B03)

Effects of Different Row Spacing and Planting Density on the Growth Characteristics and Yield of Millet

Zhang Xiangyu,Li Hai,Liang Haiyan,Zhang Zhi,Song Xiaoqiang,Zheng Minna   

  1. High Latitude Crops Institute, Shanxi Academy of Agriculture Sciences, Datong 037008, Shanxi, China
  • Received:2018-05-31 Revised:2018-08-13 Online:2018-10-15 Published:2018-10-12

关键词: 黍子, 种植行距, 种植密度, 生长特性, 产量, 灰色关联度分析

Abstract:

To explore and develop the production potential of broomcorn millet in the arid and semi-arid region of northern Shanxi Province, different planting density and row spacing treatment combinations of broomcorn millet were plotted out to study the effects on millet yield and quality. The results showed that the yield components of the A2B3 treatment were significantly higher than the those of other treatments. At mature stage the leaf area index value of the A2B3 treatment was lower than that in the heading stage, but it was still higher than rest of the other treatments. At the mature stage, the total amount of dry matter accumulation in A3B2 and A3B3 was relatively high, 13.17g and 13.18g respectively. Comprehensive grey correlation analysis results showed that A2B3 (30cm row spacing, density of 1.05 million plants/hm 2), A3B3 (35cm row spacing, density of 1.05 million plants/hm 2), A2B2 (30cm row spacing, density of 750 000 plants/hm 2) treatment combination were suitable to be used in north region of Shanxi Province.

Key words: Millet, Row spacing, Planting density, Growth characteristics, Production, Grey relational analysis

表1

黍子不同种植行距与密度各处理组合"

处理Treatment 行距Row spacing (cm) 种植密度Density (×104/hm2)
A1B1 25 50
A1B2 25 75
A1B3 25 105
A1B4 25 135
A1B5 25 150
A2B1 30 50
A2B2 30 75
A2B3 30 105
A2B4 30 135
A2B5 30 150
A3B1 35 50
A3B2 35 75
A3B3 35 105
A3B4 35 135
A3B5 35 150

表2

不同种植行距与密度条件下黍子农艺性状的变化"

处理
Treatment
株高(cm)
Plant height
穗长(cm)
Ear length
茎基粗(cm)
Stem base crude
穗重(g)
Panicle weight
穗粒重(g)
Grain weight per panicle
千粒重(g)
1000-grain weight
A1B1 125.06i 30.12cd 0.72b 9.28e 7.71e 8.33b
A1B2 133.12h 31.52bc 0.74b 9.82cde 7.98e 8.49b
A1B3 140.05g 34.68ab 0.77ab 10.71bcd 8.58cd 9.12b
A1B4 146.23de 29.05ef 0.65cde 7.31f 5.67gh 6.14c
A1B5 151.66abc 26.15f 0.59ef 6.57f 5.04h 5.65c
A2B1 128.17i 31.45bc 0.75ab 9.69de 7.83e 8.46b
A2B2 134.75h 33.32abc 0.77ab 11.36bc 8.97c 9.33ab
A2B3 142.66ef 36.19a 0.81a 12.57a 10.89a 11.78a
A2B4 148.11cd 30.11de 0.69cd 7.28f 5.99g 6.34c
A2B5 152.39ab 28.43ef 0.62def 7.03f 5.14gh 5.54d
A3B1 130.12i 32.66bc 0.73ab 9.76f 7.67e 8.31b
A3B2 134.43h 34.98ab 0.76ab 9.98cde 8.12de 8.56b
A3B3 143.18fg 35.49a 0.79ab 11.23bcde 9.45b 9.98ab
A3B4 149.77bc 29.56de 0.66c 7.43b 6.03f 6.75c
A3B5 153.69a 28.88ef 0.58f 6.99f 5.11gh 6.01c

图1

不同种植行距与密度对黍子叶面积指数的影响不同小写字母表示在P=0.05水平上差异显著"

表3

不同种植行距与密度条件下黍子干物质积累量的变化"

处理
Treatment
苗期Seedling stage 拔节期Jointing stage 抽穗期Heading stage 成熟期Mature stage
茎Stem 叶Leaf 穗Ear 茎Stem 叶Leaf 穗Ear 茎Stem 叶Leaf 穗Ear 茎Stem 叶Leaf 穗Ear
A1B1 0.24e 0.05e - 1.10d 0.37e - 1.79f 0.71f - 2.70fg 1.07d 4.98e
A1B2 0.39b 0.16b - 1.28cd 0.71a - 2.32cd 1.21c - 3.69b 1.63b 7